Cray-1 Simulators via HASE and Electronics

The HASE Cray-1 Simulation Model is available here  “Simulation models of a variety of computer architectures and architectural components have been created using HASE, a Hierarchical Computer Architecture design and Simulation Environment. These models are intended for use as teaching and learning resources: in lectures, for student self-learning or for virtual laboratory experiments. Using the models requires […]

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Cray Floating point numbers

The representation of floating point numbers and the “accuracy”, repeatability and reversibility of arithmetic operations has long be a topic of discussion amongst Cray customer and scientific users. The Cray machines up to the C90 range used 64 bit Cray floating point arithmetic. When representing the long smooth curve of real numbers using digital bits

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Unicos and other operating systems

Unicos is the operating system(s) that enabled application software and users to exploit Cray hardware.  Unicos provided a Unix based envrionment with many extensions needed for systems with multiple users and a complex workloads. Unicos provided added security, resource control, programming languages, data management features as well as processing accounting. Unicos versions (from Wikipedia) Cray

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Cray Software Applications

Cray Research focused on hardware but also made system and application software. Customers like to buy “a solution to a problem” and are rarely fussed by the actual technology used to deliver that solution. Alongside the need for developing language and systems software unique to the special Cray Hardware application software was developed. By having

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